Dhammachakra Pravartan Day 2020 : Day when the Architect of Indian Constitution Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar converted to Buddhism with lakhs of followers

Dhammachakra Pravartan Day (DhammaChakra Anupravartan Din) is a day to celebrate the Buddhist conversion of Babasaheb Ambedkar and approximately 600,000 followers on 14 October 1956 at Deekshabhoomi.

Dhammachakra Pravartan day is a day when the Architect of Indian Constitution Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar renounced Hinduism and accepted Buddhism. It is primarily celebrated at Deeksha Bhoomi every year.

Every year on 14 October and Ashoka Vijayadashami, millions of Bahujan and Buddhists gather at Deekshabhoomi to celebrate the mass conversion.

Every year, Thousands of people convert to Buddhism on Dhammachakra Pravartan Din and Ashok Vijayadashami at Deekshbhoomi, Nagpur. Here in 2018, around 65,000 people and in 2019, 67,543 people converted to Buddhism.

Historical Yeola Conversion Conference October 13, 1935

Historical Yeola Conversion Conference held under the Presidentship of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar at Yeola Dist., Nasik. He advised the Depressed Classes to abandon all agitation for temple-entry privileges; instead, they should leave Hinduism entirely and embrace another religion. He vowed, “I solemnly assure you that I will not die as a Hindu.”

Buddhist conversion had taken place on October 14, 1956

The mass Buddhist conversion had taken place on October 14, 1956. This is why, every year on October 14, people greet one another with wishes and messages and remember Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar and his teachings. People gather to pay homage to the great man, whose contribution to the country can never be forgotten.

Babasaheb Ambedkar had made 22 pledges on the day when he renounced Hinduism. One of which is, “I thereby reject my old religion, Hinduism, which is detrimental to the prosperity of humankind and which discriminates between man and man and which treats me as inferior.”

After renouncing Hinduism in the grand ceremony that happened in Nagpur, Babasaheb Ambedkar had said, “By discarding my ancient religion which stood for inequality and oppression, today I am reborn.”

In 1956, the plans for the ceremony began. Deekshabhoomi Nagpur was chosen as the location for its history of the “Nagas”, who many Adivasis, Dalits and Bahujans consider to be descendants of. The preparation was made for an ordination ceremony corresponding to monastic ordination, called ‘Dhamma Diksha’. It consisted of two parts.

First, declaring acceptance of the Three Refuges and the Five Precepts of Buddhism. Secondly, taking 22 vows,  Babasaheb took the refuges, five precepts, and the 22 vows himself and passed them on as he ordained his followers.

The 22 vows were not “traditional” Buddhist vows. They were vows he had written himself. They were both spiritual and political and had the intention of completely separating the new Buddhists (Navayana) from their old Hindu religion and some older practices of other Buddhisms. In the course of those vows, they explicitly renounced Hinduism. They also renounced a value held key to other sects of Buddhism- rebirth. Rebirth was core to the structure of Caste and in the annihilation of Caste, there was no room for concepts like the rebirth.

This historic day continues to lay its roots into present-day SC/ST/OBC- Bahujan struggles. The Buddhist movement and spirituality have grown and spread to other states in India. Several more mass re-embracements have occurred since then, each serving hundreds of thousands of the oppressed Castes. In contemporary time, we celebrate October 14th as a day of liberation and a day of re-embracement of what we know to be our original faith

Dhamma Chakra Pravartan Din Digitally Celebrated all over world :

As we celebrate Dhammachakra Pravartan Day 2020, let us check out how Babasaheb Ambedkar’s followers are observing this day today, amid the pandemic. Twitter is filled with Dhammachakra Pravartan Day 2020 wishes, messages and BR Ambedkar’s famous quotes.

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